Canada’s Black Population: Education, Labour and Resilience


Canada’s Black Population: Education, Labour and Resilience

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This factsheet was developed by Statistics Canada.


This booklet is part of a series of documents released in conjunction with the United Nations’ International Decade for People of African Descent (2015 to 2024) and Black History Month. It aims to provide insight into some of the key socioeconomic characteristics of Canada’s Black communities.

This booklet first looks at the education characteristics of the Black population, which are associated with several other aspects of their socioeconomic situation. An analysis of the highest level of educational attainment was disaggregated by sex and immigrant status, followed by data on the educational expectations and aspirations of young Black individuals.

The Black population’s labour market outcomes are the focus of the second part of this booklet. In addition to employment, unemployment and income indicators, there are also data presented on work experiences, including their perceived experience of discrimination and their level of satisfaction.

Information on coping with life’s difficulties and perceptions of the future are presented in the third part of this booklet.

Some socioeconomic indicators are then presented for selected census metropolitan areas (CMA), which show that, far from being homogeneous, the situation of the Black population varies greatly from one part of the country to another.

Statistics Canada. (2020). Canada’s Black Population: Education, Labour and Resilience. https://www150.statcan.gc.ca/n1/pub/89-657-x/89-657-x2020002-eng.htm

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