Report

Results From the 2016 Census: Education and Labour Market Integration of Black Youth in Canada

2020

Results From the 2016 Census: Education and Labour Market Integration of Black Youth in Canada

8 months ago 8 months ago Published by
This report was published by Statistics Canada.

HERE’S HOW THE AUTHORS DESCRIBE THIS REPORT:

Using integrated 2006 and 2016 census data, this study examines the education and labour market integration outcomes of a recent cohort of young Black Canadians. Specifically, this study examines the link between the characteristics of the youth and their families when they were living with their parents (in 2006), and their education and labour market outcomes 10 years later (in 2016).

  • Black youth who were between the ages of 9 and 13 in 2006 were as likely as other Canadian youth to have a high school diploma in 2016 (approximately 90%).
  • Young Black males and females aged 13 to 17 in 2006 were less likely than their counterparts in the rest of the population to have a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree in 2016.
  • The gap between postsecondary graduation rates for Black youth and other youth remained after accounting for differences in socioeconomic and family characteristics. Other factors not measured by the Census of Population could be the source of these differences.
  • Young Black males were nearly twice as likely as other young males to be not in employment, education or training (NEET) in 2016. This gap decreased but remained significant after socioeconomic factors were taken into account. Conversely, there was no difference between young Black females and other young females, after factoring in family and socioeconomic characteristics.
  • The discrimination experienced by the Black population could explain some of the results of the study. For example, in 2014, 13% of Black Canadians, compared to 6% of their non-Black counterparts, reported experiencing discrimination at work or in the context of a hiring process.

Turcotte, M. (2020). Results From the 2016 Census: Education and Labour Market Integration of Black Youth in Canada. Statistics Canada. https://www150.statcan.gc.ca/n1/pub/75-006-x/2020001/article/00002-eng.htm

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